Philosophy Course Catalog

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Course #
Course Title
Course Level
Units
PHIL 8
Reason, Logic, and the Idols of Thought
Lower Division
5 units
Students cultivate their ability to distill and critically assess the barrage of argument and rhetoric with which they are confronted every day--on the Internet, in the media, on campus--and learn to subject their own thoughts to more rigorous, logical standards. (Formerly Logic, Numbers, and Emotion: Thinking Clearly in Everyday Life.) (General Education Code(s): SR.)
PHIL 9
Introduction to Logic
Lower Division
5 units
A first course in symbolic deductive logic. Major topics include (but are not limited to) the study of systems of sentential logic and predicate logic, including formal deduction, semantics, and translation from natural to symbolic languages. (General Education Code(s): MF.)
PHIL 11
Introduction to Philosophy
Lower Division
5 units
An introduction to the main areas of philosophy through critical reflection on and analysis of both classical and contemporary texts. Focuses on central and enduring problems in philosophy such as skepticism about the external world, the mind-body problem, and the nature of morality. (General Education Code(s): TA.)
PHIL 22
Introduction to Ethical Theory
Lower Division
5 units
A consideration of ethical issues and theories focusing on the foundation of moral value and the principles governing character and behavior. Designed to extend and develop the student's abilities in philosophical reasoning about ethics. (General Education Code(s): CC.)
PHIL 23
Philosophy of Cognitive Science
Lower Division
5 units
Explores the philosophical issues that arise in cognitive science, particularly issues concerning the nature of minds. Students consider the idea that the mind is a digital computer, then analyze alternatives, such as connectionism and dynamics. (General Education Code(s): PE-H.)
PHIL 24
Introduction to Ethics: Contemporary Moral Issues
Lower Division
5 units
An examination of the conceptual and moral issues that arise in connection with a variety of specific ethical issues. Topics vary according to the interests of the instructor, but among those commonly discussed are: abortion, war and violence, euthanasia, world hunger, human rights, and animal rights. The readings are typically drawn from recent philosophical articles on these topics, but earlier sources (important in the history of philosophy) can be considered as well. (General Education Code(s): PE-H.)
PHIL 80E
Latin American Philosophy
Lower Division
5 units
Is there a general school of philosophy endemic to Latin America? Would it have to appeal to quintessential Western philosophical questions regarding knowledge, values, and reality? If not, why not, and would it then still count as philosophy? What difference do ethnic and national diversity, as well as strong political and social inequality, make to the development of philosophical questions and frameworks? Course explores a variety of historically situated Latin American thinkers who investigate ethnic identity, gender, and socio-political inequality and liberation, and historical memory, and who have also made important contributions to mainstream analytical and continental philosophy. (Also offered as Latin American&Latino Studies 80E. Students cannot receive credit for both courses.)
PHIL 80G
Bioethics in the 21st Century: Science, Business, and Society
Lower Division
5 units
Serves science and non-science majors interested in bioethics. Guest speakers and instructors lead discussions of major ethical questions having arisen from research in genetics, medicine, and industries supported by this knowledge. (Also offered as Biomolecular Engineering 80G. Students cannot receive credit for both courses.) (General Education Code(s): PE-T.)
PHIL 80M
Philosophical Foundations of Science Studies
Lower Division
5 units
Provides a philosophical perspective concerning the revolution in the understanding of science that generated the so-called "science wars." Introduces the changed philosophical understanding of science shared and presupposed in the fields of science, technology, and society. (Formerly Science and Society.)
PHIL 80S
The Nature of Science
Lower Division
5 units
A survey of what philosophers have said about the nature of science and scientific change. Emphasis is placed on whether science is best characterized as the gradual accumulation of truth or whether truth is irrelevant to scientific change.
PHIL 99
Tutorial
Lower Division
5 units
PHIL 100A
Ancient Greek Philosophy
Upper Division
5 units
Survey of ancient Greek philosophy of the Classical and Hellenistic periods. Begins with Socrates and the pre-Socratics, then undertakes an intensive study of Plato and Aristotle. Course then surveys the main developments that follow: Epicureanism, Stoicism, and Scepticism. Prerequisite(s): course 9; courses 11 or 22 or 24; and satisfaction of the Entry Level Writing and Composition requirements.
PHIL 100B
The Rationalists
Upper Division
5 units
A study of the historical background and the present relevance of Descartes, Spinoza, and Leibniz. Prerequisite(s): course 9; courses 11 or 22 or 24; and satisfaction of the Entry Level Writing and Composition requirements.
PHIL 100C
The Empiricists
Upper Division
5 units
A critical study (based on original texts) of Locke, Berkeley, and especially Hume on the nature of knowledge, perception, causation, morality, religion, and political society. Prerequisite(s): course 9; courses 11 or 22 or 24; and satisfaction of the Entry Level Writing and Composition requirements.
PHIL 106
Kant
Upper Division
5 units
Intensive study of Kant's philosophy, particularly his epistemology and metaphysics developed in his Critique of Pure Reason. Prerequisite(s): course 9; course 11 or 22 or 24; course 100A or 100B or 100C. Enrollment limited to 70.
PHIL 107
Nineteenth-Century Philosophy
Upper Division
5 units
A study of some European philosophers of the 19th century, with particular attention to Hegel, Schopenhauer, and Nietzsche. (Formerly course 108.) Prerequisite(s): course 9; course 11 or 22 or 24; course 100A or 100B or 100C.
PHIL 108
Phenomenology
Upper Division
5 units
French phenomenology includes primarily the work of Jean-Paul Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir, and Maurice Merleau-Ponty. Additional topics include the nature of consciousness and agency. Course includes discussions of French feminists' reactions to Simone de Beauvoir and Emmanuel Levinas. Prerequisite(s): course 9; course 11 or 22 or 24; course 100A or 100B or 100C.
PHIL 111
Continental Philosophy
Upper Division
5 units
Study of recent work in continental philosophy. Topics vary. Prerequisite(s): course 9; course 11 or 22 or 24; course 100A or 100B or 100C.
PHIL 112
American Philosophy
Upper Division
5 units
Study of classical American philosophers, specifically Emerson, Peirce, James, and Dewey, with emphasis on their views of metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, and philosophy of religion. Some attention is also paid to recent pragmatic tendencies in American philosophy. Prerequisite(s): course 9; course 11 or 22 or 24; course 100A or 100B or 100C.
PHIL 113
The History of Analytic Philosophy
Upper Division
5 units
Examination of the beginnings and development of analytic philosophy, with primary interest in the reformulation of traditional philosophical problems beginning with Frege. Other figures studied include, but are not limited to, Russell, Carnap, Wittgenstein, Quine, and Sellars. Prerequisite(s): course 9; course 11 or 22 or 24; course 100A or 100B or 100C.
PHIL 114
Probability and Confirmation
Upper Division
5 units
Studies the philosophical foundations of probability, induction, and confirmation. Different interpretations of probability studied, and solutions to various problems and paradoxes investigated. Students cannot receive credit for this course and course 214. Prerequisite(s): course 9; course 11 or 22 or 24; course 100A or 100B or 100C.
PHIL 115
Formal Methods in Philosophy
Upper Division
5 units
Study of formal methods commonly used in analytic philosophy. Emphasis is on developing the technical tools to enable one to read and do modern analytic philosophy. Applications of various formal tools to philosophical problems will also be discussed. Prerequisite(s): course 9; course 11 or 22 or 24; course 100A or 100B or 100C.
PHIL 116
Logic, Sets, and Functions
Upper Division
5 units
Introduction to basic set theory, recursive definitions, and mathematical induction. Provides a bridge between course 9 and courses 117 and 119. Strong emphasis on proving theorems and constructing proofs, both formal proofs and proofs in the customary, informal style used by mathematicians. Prerequisite(s): course 9; course 11 or 22 or 24; course 100A or 100B or 100C.
PHIL 117
Non-Classical Logic
Upper Division
5 units
Investigations of non-classical logic. Several non-classical logics, such as various model logics, multi-valued logics, and relevance logics studied. Meta-theoretic results investigated for each logic studied. Prerequisite(s): course 9; course 11 or 22 or 24; course 100A or 100B or 100C.
PHIL 118
Stoic Ethics
Upper Division
5 units
Surveys Stoic Ethics in the Hellenistic and Roman Periods, attending both to the theoretical writings of early Stoa (e.g., Zeno and Chrysippus) as well as to the therapeutic and protreptic writings of later figures (e.g., Seneca and Epictetus). Prerequisite(s): course 100A or 100B or 100C; or consent of instructor.
PHIL 119
Intermediate Logic
Upper Division
5 units
Detailed treatment of the semantics of first order logic and formal computability. Completeness, undecidability of first order logic and Lowenhelm-Sklem results also proven. Nature and formal limits of computability and introduction to incompleteness also investigated. Students cannot receive credit for this course and course 219. Prerequisite(s): course 9; course 11 or 22 or 24; course 100A or 100B or 100C.
PHIL 121
Epistemology
Upper Division
5 units
A sustained look at central problems in epistemology. Topics might include the problem of other minds, the nature of justification and knowledge, skepticism of the external world, the nature and limits of human rationality, the problem of induction. (Formerly Knowledge and Rationality.) Prerequisite(s): course 9; course 11 or 22 or 24; course 100A or 100B or 100C. Enrollment limited to 98.
PHIL 122
Metaphysics
Upper Division
5 units
Survey of contemporary analytic metaphysics. Topics may include nominalism, metaphysical realism, and the ontological analysis of concrete particulars, including problems of modality and persistence through time. Prerequisite(s): course 9; course 11 or 22 or 24; course 100A or 100B or 100C.
PHIL 123
Philosophy of Language
Upper Division
5 units
Current theories of the nature and preconditions of language, the nature of meaning, and the nature of truth. Prerequisite(s): course 9; course 11 or 22 or 24; course 100A or 100B or 100C.
PHIL 124
Other Minds
Upper Division
5 units
An examination of the traditional philosophical "problem of other minds" and related contemporary scientific issues concerning what it is to encounter a mind that is not one's own and is relevantly unlike one's own. Prerequisite(s): course 9; and course 11 or 22 or 24; and course 100A or 100B or 100C
PHIL 125
Philosophy of Science
Upper Division
5 units
An examination of various topics that arise in thinking about science. Different philosophical problems, such as realism, instrumentalism, confirmation, explanation, space and time, and rational decision making are extensively discussed and criticized. Prerequisite(s): course 9; course 11 or 22 or 24; course 100A or 100B or 100C.
PHIL 126
Philosophy of Social Sciences
Upper Division
5 units
Examines philosophical concerns regarding the methods and assumptions of the social sciences. For example, must the methods of the social sciences differ in some important ways from those used by the natural sciences? Another issue concerns problems arising from studying groups where the very notion of rationality appears to vary from culture to culture or over historical periods. Prerequisite(s): course 9; course 11 or 22 or 24; course 100A or 100B or 100C.
PHIL 127
Philosophy of Biology
Upper Division
5 units
Can developmental processes be reduced to gene expression? Does the history of life exhibit trends (e.g. increasing complexity)? How are we to understand key concepts such as "fitness," "species," "adaptation," and "gene?" Is there such a thing as human nature? Course surveys these and other core philosophical topics in the biological sciences. Prerequisite(s): course 9; course 11 or 22 or 24; course 100A or 100B or 100C. Enrollment limited to 39.
PHIL 133
Philosophy of Mind
Upper Division
5 units
Focuses on philosophical questions concerning the nature of mind. Central topics include the relation between mind and matter, and the nature of consciousness. Other topics typically explored include: artificial intelligence; animal consciousness and intelligence; and the relation between thought and language. Prerequisite(s): course 9; course 11 or 22 or 24; course 100A or 100B or 100C, or by consent of instructor.
PHIL 135
Philosophy of Psychology
Upper Division
5 units
Looks at philosophical issues raised by current research on the nature of perception, cognition, and consciousness in psychology and cognitive science or neuroscience. Can there be a science of the mind? Could machines be conscious? Do animals have minds? How did the mind evolve? These and a host of related questions form the subject matter of this course. Prerequisite(s): course 9; course 11 or 22 or 24; course 100A or 100B or 100C, or by consent of instructor. Enrollment restricted to sophomores, juniors, and seniors.
PHIL 140
History of Ethics
Upper Division
5 units
A careful study of any one or a number of selected primary texts in the history of moral philosophy, with some emphasis on the relation to contemporary issues. Prerequisite(s): course 9; course 11 or 22 or 24; course 100A or 100B or 100C.
PHIL 142
Advanced Ethics
Upper Division
5 units
An examination of central issues in ethical theory including the nature of and justification for the moral point of view, the place of reason in ethics, the status of moral principles, and the nature of moral experience. Prerequisite(s): course 9; course 22, 24, or 28, and course 100A or 100B or 100C.
PHIL 143
Applied Ethics: Ethics Bowl
Upper Division
5 units
Intensive application of ethics through Ethics Bowl-style debate. Cases change annually. Students develop oral advocacy skills and are given the opportunity to compete for a position on the extracurricular Ethics Bowl team. Enrollment limited to 15. May be repeated for credit. (General Education Code(s): PR-E.)
PHIL 144
Topics in Social and Political Philosophy
Upper Division
5 units
A study of selected classical and contemporary writings dealing with topics such as the nature and legitimacy of the liberal state, the limits of political obligation, and theories of distributive justice and rights. (Formerly Social and Political Philosophy.) (Also offered as Legal Studies 144. Students cannot receive credit for both courses.) Prerequisite(s): course 9; course 11 or 22 or 24; course 100A or 100B or 100C. Offered in alternate academic years. May be repeated for credit.
PHIL 147
Topics in Feminist Philosophy
Upper Division
5 units
Topics in feminist philosophy, which may include: the nature of feminist philosophy, feminist approaches to philosophical issues, social and political philosophy, theories of knowledge, ethics, aesthetics, and science, technology, and medicine studies. Presupposes some familiarity with philosophy or feminist scholarship. (Also offered as Feminist Studies 168. Students cannot receive credit for both courses.) Prerequisite(s): course 9; and course 11 or 22 or 24; and course 100A or 100B or 100C.
PHIL 148
The Holocaust and Philosophy
Upper Division
5 units
By using the historiography of the Holocaust as a case study, examines the epistemology and ontology of historical knowledge, i.e., how the past is known, and what about it there is to know. Prerequisite(s): course 9; and course 11 or 22 or 24; and course 100A or 100B or 100C. Enrollment restricted to juniors and seniors.
PHIL 152
Aesthetics
Upper Division
5 units
Problems about form, meaning, and interpretation in art, as found in major aesthetic theories from the philosophical tradition, and also in a variety of encounters between recent philosophy and the arts. Prerequisite(s): course 100A or 100B or 100C.
PHIL 153
Philosophy of Race
Upper Division
5 units
Topics include conceptual-analytical and political-social issues. Selected topics may include: the ontology of race; race as real or constructed; scientific understandings of race; race and identity; and color-blind versus color-sensitive theories of justice and political policy. Prerequisite(s): course 9; course 11 or 22 or 24; course 100A or 100B or 100C; or consent of instructor.
PHIL 171
Faith and Reason
Upper Division
5 units
Recent work in analytic philosophy of religion, concentrating on traditional theism. Topics include arguments for and against the existence of God, religious experience, miracles, the relation of faith and reason, and problems such as freedom and divine foreknowledge. Prerequisite(s): course 9; and course 11 or 22 or 24; and course 100A or 100B or 100C.
PHIL 180R
Readings in Philosophy
Upper Division
2 units
Discussion-based course centered on readings in philosophy. Readings change each term and are a mixture of books, chapters from books, and articles. Prerequisite(s): One philosophy course. Enrollment by permission of instructor. Enrollment limited to 20. May be repeated for credit.
PHIL 190
Senior Seminar
Upper Division
5 units
Special topics. Format varies each quarter. Prerequisite(s): course 9; course 11 or 22 or 24; and two from courses 100A, 100B, and 100C. Enrollment restricted to senior philosophy majors and by permission of instructor. May be repeated for credit.
PHIL 195A
Senior Essay
Upper Division
5 units
Preparation of senior essay (approximately 25 pages) during one quarter. Students submit petition to sponsoring agency.
PHIL 195B
Senior Essay
Upper Division
5 units
Under exceptional circumstances, a second senior essay continuing the work of the first essay is permitted but only when the first senior essay has been completed. Students submit petition to sponsoring agency.
PHIL 199
Tutorial
Upper Division
5 units
May be repeated for credit.
PHIL 202
Topics in Ancient Greek Philosophy
Graduate
5 units
Topics will vary each quarter and will focus on some major ancient Greek philosophical figure or work. Enrollment restricted to philosophy graduate students. May be repeated for credit.
PHIL 203
Autism
Graduate
5 units
Explores autism and its implications for various fields of inquiry, especially philosophy. Previous familiarity with autism is not presupposed. Some background in philosophy of mind, cognitive science, and psychology recommended. Enrollment restricted to graduate students.
PHIL 214
Probability and Confirmation
Graduate
5 units
Studies the philosophical foundations of probability, induction, and confirmation. Different interpretations of probability studied, and solutions to various problems and paradoxes investigated. Enrollment restricted to graduate students.
PHIL 222
Metaphysics
Graduate
5 units
Advanced introduction to topics in 20th century and contemporary analytic metaphysics. Divided into five main parts dealing, respectively, with issues about the nature of existence, properties, time, change and persistence, and material constitution. Enrollment restricted to philosophy graduate students.
PHIL 224
Philosophy of Language
Graduate
5 units
Advanced introduction to issues in the philosophy of language—primarily concerning the nature of reference, meaning, and truth. Works from such 20th-century figures as Russell, Wittgenstein, Kripke, Lewis, and Putnam discussed. Topics include what it is for a sign or a bit of language to be meaningful, or for it to identify or represent something; what it is for a statement to be truthful; what it is to be a language; and how reference works when attributed to beliefs. Enrollment restricted to philosophy graduate students.
PHIL 231
Epistemology
Graduate
5 units
May focus on topics such as naturalized epistemology, probabilistic epistemology, theories of justification, a priori knowledge, memory, and virtue epistemology. (Formerly Metaphysics and Epistemology.) Enrollment restricted to philosophy graduate students. May be repeated for credit.
PHIL 232
Advanced Topics in Value Theory
Graduate
5 units
Considers topics central to philosophical questions about value: ethics, normativity, practical reason, relativism, skepticism, responsibility, motivation, emotion, and so forth. In some instances, the investigation will proceed through influential historical figures, ancient to modern. Enrollment restricted to philosophy graduate students. Enrollment limited to 22. May be repeated for credit.
PHIL 233
Seminar in Philosophy of Mind
Graduate
5 units
A study of one or more topics in contemporary philosophy of mind. Enrollment restricted to graduate students. May be repeated for credit.
PHIL 235
Philosophy of Psychology
Graduate
5 units
Looks at philosophical issues raised by current research on the nature of perception, cognition, and consciousness in psychology and cognitive science or neuroscience. Can there be a science of the mind? Could machines be conscious? Do animals have minds? How did the mind evolve? These and a host of related questions form the subject matter of this course. Prerequisite(s): One course in philosophy, psychology, or linguistics. Enrollment restricted to graduate students.
PHIL 237
Making Up the Mind
Graduate
5 units
How does the mind come to be a thing which science can study? Readings focus on how diagnostic categories, for example, multiple personality disorder, attain scientific cachet and what issues surround the "medicalization" of the mind. Enrollment restricted to graduate students.
PHIL 239
Philosophy of Religion
Graduate
5 units
Investigation of various topics in philosophy of religion. Enrollment restricted to philosophy graduate students or by permission of instructor. May be repeated for credit.
PHIL 246
Ethics, Nature, and Natural Selection
Graduate
5 units
Explores the role, if any, that Darwinian theory and evolutionary biology should have on ethical theory. Topics range from classic work, including Darwin and classic expositors, to influential contemporary work on natural selection, in light of the best philosophical literature. (Also offered as Biology:Ecology & Evolutionary 287. Students cannot receive credit for both courses.) Enrollment is restricted to graduate students. Enrollment limited to 20. May be repeated for credit.
PHIL 252
Poststructuralism
Graduate
5 units
French poststructuralism, with particular attention to the main philosophical texts of Jacques Derrida and Michel Foucault. Other representative theorists as well as critics of poststructuralism are studied as time permits. (Also offered as History of Consciousness 252. Students cannot receive credit for both courses.) Enrollment restricted to graduate students. May be repeated for credit.
PHIL 270
Research Seminar
Graduate
5 units
A research seminar to develop the skills of the profession with special focus on critical reading, constructing feedback, and philosophical research and writing. Must be completed by the third year. A substantial draft of a paper is required to enroll. Enrollment restricted to philosophy graduate students. May be repeated for credit.
PHIL 280
Graduate Colloquia Course
Graduate
2 units
This colloquia series sponsors speakers each quarter. Students must attend all colloquia and are encouraged to form discussion groups after each lecture. Enrollment restricted to philosophy graduate students.
PHIL 281
The Pedagogy of Philosophy
Graduate
2 units
Provides training for graduate students in university-level pedagogy in general and in the pedagogy of philosophy specially, under the supervision of a faculty member. Enrollment is restricted to graduate students. May be repeated for credit.
PHIL 290A
Philosophy of History
Graduate
5 units
Examines issues that arise with respect to constructing histories. Inter alia, these include: the traditional philosophy of history (e.g., Hegel and Marx); modes of explanation (including narrative); the reality of the past; and underdetermination in history. Prerequisite(s): Enrollment restricted to graduate students. Enrollment limited to 10.
PHIL 290C
Advanced Topics in Ethics
Graduate
5 units
Topics vary but the course focuses on major questions in contemporary ethical theory, or figures influential on contemporary moral philosophy. Examines different foundational ethical principles and arguments for those principles, contrasting accounts of moral action and moral motivation, as well as the epistemological and motivational role of emotions in ethical theory. Enrollment restricted to philosophy graduate students. May be repeated for credit.
PHIL 290F
Topics in Philosophy of Biology
Graduate
5 units
Philosophy of biology is one of the fastest-growing areas of philosophy of science. Course is designed to give seniors and graduate students an overview of many of the diverse topics currently under discussion in modern philosophy of biology and provide a foundation for further research, regardless of previous experience with the biological sciences. Enrollment restricted to graduate students. May be repeated for credit.
PHIL 290H
Environmental Ethics
Graduate
5 units
What is our proper moral stance toward the natural environment? This question encompasses our ethical relations to individual non-human animals, to other species of living beings, and toward the biotic community as a whole. It leads us to consider the broader question: What makes anything at all worthy of our moral respect or even our moral consideration? How are we to understand the very idea of the environment, the distinction between the human world, and the natural world, and the relationships between them. Enrollment restricted to graduate students.
PHIL 290J
Advanced Topics in the History of Ethics
Graduate
5 units
Careful study of any one of the main moral theories in the history of philosophy, with some emphasis on the relation to contemporary moral philosophy. Enrollment restricted to graduate students. May be repeated for credit.
PHIL 290K
Philosophical Matters of Scientific Practice
Graduate
5 units
Considers the relevance of philosophical matters to the practice of science. Using quantum physics as a case study, explores historical and contemporary perspectives on issues such as those raised by the Schrodinger cat paradox, Bell's inequalities, and quantum erasers. Enrollment restricted to graduate students.
PHIL 290O
Majors Figures in the History of Philosophy
Graduate
5 units
Focuses on philosophical writings and significance of a single major figure in the history of philosophy, ancient, medieval, or modern. Enrollment is restricted to philosophy graduate students. Enrollment limited to 10. May be repeated for credit.
PHIL 290P
Major Figures in Contemporary Philosophy
Graduate
5 units
Focuses on philosophical writings and significance of a single figure in contemporary (20th- and 21st-century) philosophy. May include, but not be limited to, Russell, Whitehead, Wittgenstein, Husserl, Carnap, Murdoch, Quine, Irigaray, Derrida, and Davidson. Enrollment restricted to philosophy graduate students. May be repeated for credit.
PHIL 290Q
Philosophy of Mathematics
Graduate
5 units
Introduction to the problems of contemporary analytic philosophy of mathematics. Do mathematical objects exist? Are mathematical statements true? How can we know? We will examine the historical background to contemporary debates and the positions which have been taken within them. Enrollment restricted to graduate students.
PHIL 290S
Topics in the Philosophy of Science
Graduate
5 units
An examination of a topic in current philosophy of science. The material for the course is chosen from topics such as realism and instrumentalism, scientific explanation, space and time, the confirmation of theories, laws of nature, and scientific abstraction. Enrollment restricted to graduate students. May be repeated for credit.
PHIL 290W
History of Consciousness
Graduate
5 units
Historical study of philosophical theories of consciousness and self-consciousness. Problems include the relation of self and other, consciousness and body, and self-consciousness and ethical agency. Readings are from Kant, Hegel, Nietzsche, and Heidegger, followed by phenomenologists, poststructuralists, and analytic philosophy. Enrollment restricted to graduate students.
PHIL 294
Teaching-Related Independent Study
Graduate
5 units
Directed graduate research and writing coordinated with the teaching of undergraduates. May be repeated for credit.
PHIL 295
Directed Reading
Graduate
5 units
Directed reading which does not involve a term paper. May be repeated for credit.
PHIL 296
Special Student Seminar
Graduate
5 units
A seminar for graduate students arranged between students and a faculty member. Students submit petition to sponsoring agency. May be repeated for credit.